Skin Rash Causes and Treatment
Skin Rash Causes
A skin rash can be caused by any number of reasons – allergy, disease and reactions to external matter, insects or environmental factors. A skin rash is evidenced as a change in skin texture, discoloration, or inflammation of the skin. Most skin rashes are harmless, but nevertheless, consulting a dermatologist is always advisable. Rashes are very unpredictable in the sense that they can appear anywhere on your body or on your entire body. The look and feel of the rash varies depending on the origin of the rash. If an allergy has caused the rash, the treatment will focus on isolating and avoiding the allergen. For rashes caused by poison ivy, calamine lotion preceded by cool showers will usually help. It is important to identify the cause of the rash because the only way to prevent it from recurring is to avoid the causing agent, be it food, substance, insect or matter.
Skin plays a major role in the human immune system, therefore sensitivity to allergens and disease becomes immediately evident. When the skin is exposed to any external matter, it is introduced to lymphocytes. These lymphocytes in turn produce certain chemicals to get the skin toned to accepting or rejecting the matter. In the case of antigens, the lymphocytes produce chemicals that cause inflammation or rashes on the skin, conveying that the matter is not acceptable to touch. Lymphocytes are produced by lymph glands and act as a protective mechanism for the human body. Their reaction is a complicated process of chemical reaction and takes place in the epidermis or the top most layer of the skin. Even reactions to antigens consumed become evident on the skin because of the lymphocytes.
The most important reminder is to never scratch a rash; you will only worsen it, by infecting it or leaving a scar when it heals. A lot of treatments are available for rashes; however, it is always advisable to consult a dermatologist to get effective and proper treatment.
If the rash is caused by eczema, your dermatologist would suggest moisturizers to help retain the moisture. This will help keep the skin soft and smooth and reduce the itching sensation. Always apply after a cool shower.
Prevent further irritation and get quick relief with Skin Sake Ointments.
Skin Rash Types
“Rash” is a kind of red bump that forms on your body and could be caused due to a variety of reasons. This word is commonly used to denote a number of skin conditions. Most commonly occurring skin conditions or skin rash types include:
* Non-infected scaly patches on the skin
* Scaly patches on skin caused by fungal or bacterial infection
* Red, itchy patches or bumps all over the skin
Skin rashes are rarely classified as dangerous but still warrant medical attention. Rashes should not be self-diagnosed. Proper evaluation of the skin rash type requires a doctor visit. The following list of skin rash types may help you to categorize the condition.
Non-infected scaly patches on the skin:
Scaly and itchy skin rash type usually represents a condition known as eczema.
Atopic dermatitis: The most common form of eczema is known as Atopic dermatitis. This skin rash type is normally hereditary which often starts in childhood with symptoms like scaly patches on the arms, legs, scalp and torso. During teenage years, the condition of atopic dermatitis may spread to inner elbows and knees. Adults are affected by atopic dermatitis on the genitals, around the eyelids, on the hand, and sometimes all over the body as well.
“Dermatitis” means skin inflammation. “Atopic” refers to hereditary diseases. These diseases may include hay fever, asthma, or atopic dermatitis. With the condition of atopic dermatitis, the skin turns extremely itchy and inflamed which may cause redness, swelling and cracking. Atopic dermatitis can flare up for no apparent reason. It is at its worst in winter months when the air becomes cold and dry.
Contact dermatitis: Contact dermatitis is a skin rash type caused by contact with a specific material which may cause an allergy to the skin. For example, poison ivy and jewelry containing nickel may cause a skin reaction. Contact dermatitis affects only the skin that comes in contact with these allergy causing materials.
Other types of skin rash types are scaly rashes. Several worth mentioning include psoriasis, a hereditary condition affecting knees, elbows and pityriasis rosea, which forms scaly rashes on the chest and back and generally disappears within a month. Xerosis, or very dry skin, may appear as a rash during the cold, dry months of the year.
Scaly patches on skin caused by fungal or bacterial infection include:
Fungal infections: Fungal infections are common but do not appear as often as rashes in the eczema category. It is important to realize that fungal infections are not due to hygiene. Another important factor is that fungal infection skin rashes are not caught from animals, nor is it transmitted in gyms, showers or pools. They are also not contagious.
Bacterial infections: The most common skin rash type caused by bacterial infection is impetigo. Impetigo is caused by staph germs and is more common in children. Again, this is not due to poor hygiene.
Diaper Rash Types
The most common type of diaper rash is the irritant rash. This is when the area affected is within the diaper. For instance, skin dermatitis on the thigh area is not considered an irritant type rash. Products containing zinc oxide should be able to address this problem because it will provide a barrier to allow healing. Causes of this type rash can include stool enzymes, soaps and detergents, and baby wipes.
Yeast Diaper Rash
A yeast infection can also be the cause a diaper rash. Symptoms of this type include dry, reddish patches with defined edges, somewhat scaly or scab-like. Areas most susceptible to this type rash include the skin folds of the upper thigh. To treat a yeast infection rash, use a product with anti-fungal medication. Yeast thrives in warm, moist skin and should also be suspect when a diaper rash does not improve in a couple days from using an ointment for such. If the baby is, or has recently been, treated with antibiotics, this will increase the chances of a yeast infection as antibiotics reduce the body’s natural ability to fight infection by compromising the good bacteria.
Friction Diaper Rash
Friction is also a type of diaper rash, although it originated from moisture. Skin wetness increases friction. Areas usually affected by friction are the waistband and elastic legs of the diaper, especially when they are too tight. When the skin layer is compromised, whether by friction or moisture, bacteria can enter the inflamed area causing an infection. This causes the treatment of common diaper rash to be more resistant.
Other less common forms of diaper rash include seborrhea and psoriasis.
Pressure sores appear when skin undergoes damage due to application of constant pressure or friction. These are known by various names – bed sores, pressure ulcers, or decubitus ulcers. About 7-8% of patients who are hospitalized suffer from pressure sores. Pressure sores target the skin thinly stretched over the bones like coccyx (tail bones). In cases of pressure sores, the old saying “prevention is better than cure” is aptly applicable since pressure sores are easier to prevent than to cure.
Degrees of Pressure sores
Stage 1 – Skin discoloration: usually black, red, blue or purple.
Stage 2 – Skin damage especially the top skin layer.
Other Added Complications
Pressure sores, when not treated in a timely manner, can lead to a wide variety of other complications like:
- Septicaemia (blood poisoning)
- Cellulitis (inflammation of body tissue causing swelling and redness)
- Osteomyelitis (inflammation of the bone)
Risk of getting a Pressure Sore
- Poor mental condition
- Being restricted to either sitting or lying down
Anyone caring for bed-ridden patients should be aware of pressure sores. To prevent skin damage, relieve the pressure and reduce the time of the pressure application on the same area. To prevent pressure sores, keep in mind the following:
- Check the prone areas daily for redness or discoloration.
- Turn the person regularly to distribute and relieve pressure.
- Use pillows as buffers between the skin and the bed.
- Use good hygiene practices.
- Keep the skin at the correct moisture level, as damage is more likely to occur if the skin is too dry or too moist.
- Use moisturizing creams for dry skin.
- Maintain a healthy diet.
Skin Sake Uses
Skin Sake Ointment is a rich, creamy, ointment to soothe, treat, and prevent incontinent rashes, skin irritations, and chafed areas, and is intended to protect the skin, promote the healing of skin injuries, and serve as a first aid treatment. It is formulated to encourage the proper moisture balance of the skin, thereby supporting the body”s natural healing processes.Skin Sake Ointment includes the highest quality ingredients used for the following:
* Soothes, Treats, Prevents Incontinence Rashes, Skin Irritations & Chafed Areas
* Skin Protectant
* Moisture Barrier
* Aloe and Vitamin E Added
* Artificial Fragrance and Preservative Free
Uses for Skin Sake Ointment and Surface Protectant
Incontinence and Fistulas – Skin Sake Ointment and Surface Protectant are effective skin protectants where urine, feces or intestinal contents irritate the skin. It should be applied to clean dry skin in sufficient quantities to act as a barrier. Its emollient action will help protect the skin and speed healing.
Pressure Sores (I, II) - Excellent results with Skin Sake Ointment in the care of pressure sores have led to its introduction for general use in nursing homes, hospitals, home care and patients confined to wheelchairs. The moisturizing, emollient nature of the ointment maintains a superior environment for the healing process. The manner of use must be adapted to the needs of the individual patient and must be in accordance with the procedures of the home. (click here for more instructions)
Burns and Other Skin injuries – Skin Sake Ointment is not intended as a primary burn therapy but its protectant and emollient actions make it a useful adjunct in the treatment of minor burns and other skin injuries.
Reddened or Cracked Skin – The soothing, moisturizing and protective properties of Skin Sake Ointment and Surface Protectant make them well suited to the care of reddened or cracked skin. Specific applications should be adapted to the nature of the injury. Reddened skin will often clear overnight.
Skin Sake Ointment and Surface Protectant are formulated to soothe, treat and prevent skin irritations.